WALBERSWICK AT WAR: KS2 LEARNING RESOURCE PACK

TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS

The following is a list of abbreviations contained within the documents on the website.

A.A.

Anti-Aircraft

ACK

Acknowledged

AC Sqn

Army Co-operation Squadron

Adjt

Adjutant

AFV

Armoured Fighting Vehicle

AMPC

Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps

Arty

Artillery

A/T

Anti-Tank

B. D.

Battle Dress

Bde

Brigade

Bn.

Battalion

Bty

Battery

Capt.

Captain

C. D. Bty

Coastal Defence Battery

Col.

Colonel

Coy.

Company

D. R.

Direct Fire OR Direct Line

DRLS

Despatch Rider Letter Service

DSO

Distinguished Service Order

Fd

Forward

Fd Amb

Field Ambulance

FDL

Forward Defended Locality

FOO

Forward Observation Officer

G. H. Q.

General Headquarters

H.D

Home Defence

H. E.

High Explosive

H.G

Home Guard

H.Q.

Headquarters

L.D.V.

Local Defence Volunteers

L.O.

Liaison Officer

Inf

Infantry

I.O.

Intelligence Officer

L.M.G.

Light Machine Gun

M.C.

Motor Cycle

Med Regt

Medium Regiment

M.T.

Motor Transport

M.T.O.

Motor Transport Officer

N.C.O

Non-commissioned Officer

O.C.

Officer Commanding

O.P.

Observation Post

Pl

Platoon

Posn

Position

Q.F.

Quick Fire

R.A.

Royal Artillery

R.A.F.

Royal Air Force

R.A.S.C.

Royal Army Service Corps

Rd

Road

R.E.

Royal Engineers

Res

Reserve

Rpg

Rounds Per Gun

S.A.A.

Small Arms Ammunition

S.O.

Signals Officer

SOS

Task Designated artillery target

Sqn

Squadron

Tp

Troop

Tpt

Transport

V.P.

Vulnerable Point

W.O.

Warrant Officer

 

What do these army terms mean?

 

DIVISION - grouping of brigades (usually 3-5) either infantry (foot), cavalry (horse or now armour) commanded by a Major General.

 

BRIGADE - composed of battalions of infantry of the line or regiments of cavalry commanded by a Brigadier.

 

BATTALION - number of companies (from 5 to 8 or 10) The Commanding Officer is a Lieutenant Colonel. At this level everyone usually wears the same uniform and badges. This is a UNIT.

 

REGIMENT - 1. applies to cavalry, artillery & engineers & equates to a battalion of infantry. 2. in infantry context refers to the whole regiment, that is  its 1 or 2 or more regular army battalions as well as its reserve volunteer, militia battalions and regiment HeadQuarters/depot.

 

COMPANY - basic constituent of battalion. From over 240 men down to more modern 100-120 with 5 or 6 officers. Officer commanding is a Major or sometimes a Captain.