Photographs and Captions


These images are made avaiable online for teaching purposes only. Under no circumstances should they be used for any other purpose. For all images marked (IWM), the copyright belongs to the Imperial War Museum, who have kindly permitted them to be used on this website.

Photo 1. Battery Observation Post, Liverpool, August 1940. In the background possibly an officer using stereoscopic binoculars to observe where the shells are falling, Centre right is the range finder, centre left using the telephone. (IWM)
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Photo 2. East Coast 12 inch Battery August 1940. Young gunner with binoculars, another using stereoscopic binoculars. (IWM)
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Photo 3. Felixstowe Coastal Defence Battery 24 August 1940. The Lance-Corporal on the left is using a range finder and the man on the right is the observer probably plotting the fall of shells. The man in the centre is on the telephone. (IWM)
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Photo 4. Inside a gun house loading shells into 6 inch guns. (IWM)
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Photo 5. Emergency Coastal Defence Battery 6 inch gun, camouflage netting, anti-tank blocks and sentry. Catalogued as "Lowestoft area" but believed to be taken from Dunwich Heath (Minsmere) Battery. (IWM)
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Photo 6. Ness Battery Observation Post, Orkneys August 1941 showing gunners using their instruments. (IWM)
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Photo 7. Emergency Coastal Defence Battery 6 inch gun and camouflage netting to hide the opening of the gun house. (IWM)
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Photo 8. Aldeburgh Emergency Battery 6 inch guns, camouflage netting and beach defences. These were Royal Navy guns used in World War 1 and were got out of storage and installed at Aldeburgh shortly after the war was declared. (IWM)

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Photo 9. Infantry in a training exercise at Great Yarmouth practicing attacking and defending the beach defences with Lee Enfield rifles and fixed bayonets from corrugated iron-lined trenches and camouflaged pillboxes. (IWM)
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Photo 10. Infantry in a training exercise at Great Yarmouth practicing attacking and defending the beach defences with Lee Enfield rifles and fixed bayonets moving through sandbagged and corrugated iron-lined trenches in the sand. (IWM)
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Photo 11. Infantry in a training exercise at Great Yarmouth practicing attacking and defending the beach defences with Lee Enfield rifles and fixed bayonets from timber-lined trenches and a camouflaged pillbox. (IWM)
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Photo 12. Soldiers in a rough beach trench on the south coast. (IWM)
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Photo 13. Soldiers with Lee Enfield rifles defending a south coast beach. The soldier next to the man pointing has a Bren gun. (IWM)
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Photo 14. British Expeditionary Force France 1939-40. Soldiers on a firing step in a trench while others pass through walking on duckboards in the bottom of the trench. (IWM)
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Photo 15. British Expeditionary Force France 1939-40. Soldiers in the snow on a firing step in a trench take aim (IWM).
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Photo 16. Using a Bren gun as an anti-aircraft gun, possibly on the south coast. The Bren guns in Walberswick were mostly used as an infantry support weapon. (IWM)
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Photo 17. This picture shows several camouflage techniques - using grass ‘turves' to hide sandbagged positions, camouflage netting with strips of fabric known as ‘scrim' covering the position from above and more camouflage netting laid over the sandbagged walls. (IWM)
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Photo 18. A Lewis gun (used in the First World War and replaced with the Bren Gun in the second). Lewis guns were still widely used as anti-aircraft guns in World War Two positioned in a sandbagged position. There were Lewis guns at Walberswick defending the Coastal Defence Battery and the 75mm guns. The bullets were held in a circular magazine as can be seen in the photograph. (IWM)
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Photo 19. Concertina and double apron barbed wire static defences in the snow. (IWM)
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Photo 20. Concertina barbed wire widely used as coastal defence. (IWM)

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Photo 21. 4 inch ex-Naval gun mounted on a lorry as a mobile anti-tank vehicle. The one at Walberswick would have been almost identical to this one from Kent in 1940. (IWM)
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Photo 22. Loading a 75mm Field Gun like those used at Walberswick. This photograph was taken during training in Scotland in 1941. (IWM)
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Photo 23. Firing a 75mm Field Gun like those used at Walberswick. This photograph was taken during training in Scotland in 1941. (IWM)
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Photo 24. Loading a 75mm Field Gun like those used at Walberswick. This photograph was taken during training in Scotland in 1941. These Field Guns were of First World War French design. (IWM)
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Photo 25. Remains of trench at Hoist Covert, Walberswick
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Photo 26. Remains of trench at Hoist Covert, Walberswick.
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Photo 27. Remains of trench and associated pillbox, Hoist Covert, Walberswick.
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Photo 28. Remains of trench and associated pillbox, Hoist Covert, Walberswick.
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Photo 29. Pillbox, Hoist Covert, Walberswick.
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Photo 30. Pillbox, Walberswick.
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Photo 31. Pillbox, Walberswick.
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Photo 32. Artillery Observation Post, Walberswick.
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Photo 33. Artillery Observation Post, Walberswick.
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Photo 34. Anti-Tank Cubes at Walberswick.
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Photo 35. Anti-Tank Cubes at Walberswick.
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Photo 36. Anti-Tank Cubes at Walberswick.
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Photo 37. Southwold Harbour

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