Why were there Coastal Defences at Walberswick?

  • Hundreds of miles of coastline were put into a state of defence in preparation for a German attack. The south and east coasts were thought to be most vulnerable for invasion and so needed putting into a state of readiness.
  • It was quickly established by the military that tanks could land on many of Suffolk's beaches and the wide flat expanses of heath inland from much of the coast were not only suitable for paratroop landings but also thought to be excellent country for armoured warfare.
  • Any German invasion would also need places where they could unload men, supplies and equipment.
  • In 1940, Walberswick was, therefore, a place that needed to be defended against the possibility of German invasion.
  • It was not thought to be the most likely place to witness a German attack, but neither was the possibility ever discounted.
  • The defences put into place formed part of a much wider scheme of fortifications but some elements were distinctive to the area.
  • The archaeological 'footprint' of much of the defences can still be seen today. The learning zone will tell you what defences were put in place at Walberswick and why.


Walberswick Village Green

The village green, Walberswick. Proximity to the sea brought prosperity to Walberswick throughout its history, but in 1940 it also put it in the front line in the defence against invasion.